Forms of Slavery
Slavery. This is a term you have probably heard from the past, however, slavery still exist today in many forms.
How do traffickers keep victims under their control?
Traffickers target those they believe to be most vulnerable and easiest to exploit. Victims often tricked, manipulated and coerced into a life of exploitation, living in over-crowded and inhumane conditions.
Victims are usually threatened, beaten and abused to ensure they do not try to leave or contact the authorities for help.
Forced labour is a global problem and the most common type of exploitation. It affects men, women and children all around the world. Forced labour is when a person is coerced to work or provide a service for little or no pay and usually cannot leave it without punishment or the threat of penalty. In the UK forced labour is found in sectors characterised as low-skilled and low-paid labour.
Forced labour is used all over the world to produce products in our supply chains. The most common sectors forced labour takes place is;
Manufacturing, processing and packaging
Construction, mining, quarrying and brick kilns
Prostitution and sexual exploitation
Car washes and nail bars
How does this happen?;
Retention of identity documents
Threats to inform authorities if they are immigrants
No wage, withholding wages or wage reductions
Threats or physical harm
Adults and children can be sexually exploited. Many adult survivors report difficult childhood histories; child abuse, emotional abuse, neglect and a background in care homes.
Sexual exploitation includes rape, prostitution, sexual photography, and performing sexual acts to which the person has not consented or was pressured into taking part.
Child Sexual Exploitation (CSE) is a form of child sexual abuse and typically involves a stage of grooming. This happens when a child or young person is manipulated, forced or coerced into taking part in sexual activity, they are often given gifts, money, drugs and affection in exchange for performing these sexual acts to keep them compliant.
The abusers often use threats or violence making the victim feel they have no choice or way out of the situation.
Debt Bondage is when a person is forced to work to pay of a debt. They have no control over their debt, victims of debt bondage are coerced into working for little or no pay in order to 'pay off' the accumulated debt.
Many people believe this type of slavery only exists in third world countries. This is not the case, the issue is much more wide spread than you believe.
Safe and Free have recently dealt with this issue in the UK. Men have been targeted in the workplace and coerced into using drugs in and out of the workplace. They were forced to pay more than half their salary to a higher positioned co-worker who supplied the drugs to employees, this was somebody they felt they could trust.
It is estimated each year, 12 million girls are married before the age of 18.
Child Marriage is any formal or informal unification where one or both parties are under the age of 18.
Forced marriage is when one or both spouses do not or cannot consent to the marriage. Or a marriage that you have agreed to, as you don't have a choice due to religion and tradition. Some people are made to feel as though they are putting shame on their family. It may involve physical, emotional, sexual, psychological or financial pressure.
In 2014 forced marriage was made a criminal offence in England and Wales.
born without freedom
In some cultures children are born into a world where their ancestors were trapped in slavery and by descent become slaves themselves. The status 'slave' passes from mother to child. Slaves aren't free to choose what they want to do or who they want to work for, they are dependent on their 'masters'.
Children are often taken away from their parents without consent and forced to work as slaves for another family. Education is non-existent in these areas, and it is very common girls are sexually abused and forced to marry at the wishes of their 'master'.
It is most common is West African countries such as: Niger, Mauritania, and Mali.
Child Labour / Exploitation
The ILO indicates that there are 152 million victims of child labour worldwide; 72 million of the victims work in hazardous labour.
Child labour is the exploitation of children in many forms that deprives children of their childhood and school education.
This is often harmful to their physical and mental health. Children many be sexually exploited, violating their dignity and morals.
Children are often separated from their families, exposed to serious and hazardous toxins, made to work for little or no pay, and left to fend for themselves at a very early age.